The purpose of intercollegiate athletics is to provide an
opportunity for each participant to develop his or her potential as
a skilled performer in an educational setting. Educational
activities, such as intercollegiate athletics provide opportunities
for students to grow emotionally, socially and intellectually. In
addition, the student-athlete is given the chance to travel,
represent his or her school and learn the art of being a team
member. Being a student-athlete at the University at Buffalo
carries with it a set of privileges and responsibilities.
By joining a UB athletic team, you become a representative of
both that team and the university. It is essential that you act
responsibly and do nothing to jeopardize your opportunity to obtain
maximum results from your university experience. Your personal
conduct is a direct reflection of your good moral character and
ethical judgment. You are expected to behave both on and off campus
in a manner that brings credit to the University at Buffalo, your
team and yourself.
Code of Ethics for Student-Athletes
- Develop personal habits that enhance healthy living.
- Acknowledge one’s own strengths and weaknesses. Recognize
that each person has his or her own strengths and weaknesses,
praise the strengths and help to strengthen the weaknesses.
- Respect different points of view.
- Strive for the highest degree of excellence.
- Seek to know and understand one’s teammates.
- Respect and accept the decisions of all coaches. When decisions
are questioned, the student-athlete should direct his or her
questions to the coach in private and follow appropriate channels
to voice concerns.
- Refrain from the use of drugs that enhance performance or
modify mood or behavior at any time, unless prescribed by a
- Refrain from using alcohol while representing the university at
competitive events and community service outings.
Team Travel Rules
- Dress appropriately when representing the university. Do not
wear apparel with alcohol advertisements or offensive
- Act in a respectful and mature manner when in public. Horseplay
and using profanity is not acceptable behavior. Maintain an overall
- Vandalism and theft of any kind in hotels, restaurants,
competition sites or any other place will not be tolerated.
- Take proper care of hotel rooms and be respectful of other
- Make sure your coaches know your whereabouts at all times. Be
on time for all meetings, meals, departures etc. and abide by
curfews set by coaching staff.
- Alcohol and drug use is prohibited on trips.
General Student-Athlete Rules
- Athletes should always present themselves in a positive image.
As a representative of the university, do not do or say anything to
embarrass yourself, your team, your family or the university.
- Understand the importance of being punctual; be on time for
- Be prepared to give 100%, both mentally and physically, whether
in the classroom or on the playing field.
- Do not consume alcohol on team trips, at athletic events or at
events sponsored by the Division of Athletics. [Be aware that New
York State Law prohibits anyone under the age of 21 from consuming
- Do not use tobacco products of any kind while participating in
practice or competition or while representing the university in any
capacity. Tobacco use is prohibited at these times, and the
Division, in concern for your health, discourages its use at any
time. Use of tobacco products at practice or competition is a
violation of NCAA rules and will be reported.
UB Division of Athletics Hazing
- Policy: The University at Buffalo Division of
Athletics supports only those activities which are constructive,
educational, inspirational, and that contribute to
student-athletes' intellectual and personal development. UB
Athletics unequivocally opposes any situation created intentionally
to produce mental or physical discomfort, embarrassment,
harassment, or ridicule.
The University at
Buffalo's Code of Student Conduct defines hazing as: any
action or situation that recklessly or intentionally endangers the
mental or physical health or safety of a student, or that willfully
destroys or removes public property for the purpose of initiation
or admission into, or affiliation with, or as a condition for
continued membership in, any registered student organization.
- Prohibited Behaviors: Actions and activities
that may be prohibited under The University at Buffalo's Code of
Student Conduct and the Division of Athletics Hazing Policy, and
may be a violation of New York State law, regardless of the
person's intention or willingness to participate, include, but are
not limited to, the following:
- Any type of initiation or other activity where there is an
expectation of individuals joining a particular team to participate
in behavior designed to humiliate, degrade, or abuse them.
- Brutality of any nature, outside the realm of normal practice
- this includes: whipping, beating, branding, forced
calisthenics, exposure to the elements
- Forcing, requiring, or pressuring an individual to consume
alcoholic beverages. To review the Division of Athletics alcohol
use policy, please visit: Division of Athletics Alcohol-Use Policy
- Forcing, requiring, or pressuring an individual to consume any
- or other substance
- Forcing, requiring, or pressuring an individual to tattoo,
pierce, or shave any part of the body, including hair on the
- Any requirement or pressure put on an individual to participate
in any activity which is illegal, perverse, publicly indecent,
contrary to generally accepted societal norms and/or beliefs (e.g.
public profanity, indecent or lewd conduct or sexual gestures in
- Any activity or action that creates risk to the health, safety,
or property of the University or other members of its
- Forcing or requiring calisthenics, such as push-ups, sit-ups,
and runs in a situation or setting not related to team
training/supervised by the coaches.
- Assigning or endorsing pranks such as stealing from or
harassing another organization.
- Awakening or disturbing individuals during normal sleeping
- Expecting or pressuring individuals to participate in an
activity in which the full membership is not willing to
- Physical abuse of any kind.
- Forcing, encouraging, or pressuring someone to wear in public
apparel which is conspicuous and not within the norm of what is
considered to be in good taste.
- Engaging in public stunts and buffoonery.
- Nudity at any time or forced reading, listening, or viewing of
- Paddling, beating, or otherwise permitting a member to hit
- Having substances such as eggs, mud, paint, and honey thrown
at, poured on, or otherwise applied to the body of a member.
- Morally degrading/humiliating games or other activities that
make a member the object of amusement, ridicule or
- Subjecting a member to cruel and unusual psychological
- New York State Hazing Law:
Section 120.16- Hazing in the First Degree: A
person is guilty of hazing in the first degree when, in the course
of another person's initiation into or affiliation with any
organization, he intentionally or recklessly engages in conduct
which created a substantial risk of physical injury to such other
person or a third person and thereby causes such injury. Hazing in
the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.
Section 120.17- Hazing in the Second Degree: A
person is guilty of hazing in the second degree when, in the course
of another person's initiation or affiliation with any
organization, he intentionally or recklessly engages in conduct
which created a substantial risk of physical injury to such other
person or a third person. Hazing in the second degree is a
- Questions for Athletes to Consider: If you are
uncertain about specific activities, take into consideration the
- Is the activity required for team membership? If not required,
is there an expectation or peer pressure for a team member to
- Would you object to the activity being videotaped and shown to
parents or athletics administrators?
- Does the activity involve any illegal behavior?
- Does the activity have one group (i.e. upperclassmen) doing
something to another group (i.e. new players)?
- Does participation in the activity endanger anyone?
- Is there risk of psychological damage?
If "yes" is answered to one or more of the above questions, it
most likely will be interpreted as hazing. Spending a considerable
amount of time questioning whether or not a particular activity
violates the hazing policy is usually a good indication that the
activity is indeed hazing.
- Examples of Positive Team Building Behaviors:
There are certain activities that teams could participate in that
contribute to "team bonding" in a positive way. Some examples of
appropriate team activities include:
- Testing skill knowledge, tryouts, or auditions.
- Going on a trip, ropes course, or preseason practice
- Dress up formally for an event
- Undertake group projects, fundraisers, community events, or
- Take part in group (whole team) singing, chanting, or
- Being a mentor/Little Sister/Big Brother
- Policy Enforcement: Student athletes found to
be in violation of this policy are subject to the student
disciplinary process through University Judicial Affairs.
Additionally, the Athletic Director, after consultation with the
Head Coach and Sport Supervisor, can enforce additional penalties
such as, but not limited to suspension from practices and
intercollegiate competition, dismissal from the team and removal of
a student athlete's grant in aid.
- Reporting Suspected Hazing Activities: It is
the responsibility of the Division of Athletics staff, as well as
the student-athletes, to help ensure compliance with this policy.
As such, the following guidelines apply:
- Any individual who believes that this policy has been violated
should refer the matter to the appropriate Division of Athletics
staff/administrator for investigation.
- Individuals who have knowledge of (either by viewing or
participating in) hazing activities, or who suspect that hazing
activities may occur or have already occurred, must report such
activities and must thoroughly cooperate in an investigation by
university officials as stated in the University Code of
- Those not reporting hazing activities, not cooperating, or
providing false or misleading information will be subject to team
and University sanctions.
- Corrective Measures/Sanctions: When the
University has determined that hazing has occurred, corrective
measures may be applied to those individuals involved in the
incident, as well as any individuals who fails to report/act on
hazing information. A committee on hazing behaviors will determine
the consequences on a case-by-case basis.
This may include, but is not limited to:
- Sanctions from the University, including a reprimand,
educational sessions, University probation, dismissal from the
- Sanctions from the Division of Athletics, including reduction
in practice/competition participation, reduction or removal of
athletics grant-in-aid, suspension/dismissal from the team
- Sanctions from the NCAA
- Possible criminal charges
For the complete outline of the Student Code Of Conduct, please
Coach’s Jurisdiction and Team
The head coach is responsible for the total conduct of his or
her team. This responsibility must be within the limits of
authority defined by university and Divisional policies and rules
and the regulations of the NCAA and the Mid-American
Policies established by coaches are in the best interest of the
student-athlete and shall be enforced without prejudice. All
training rules and standards of conduct are established by the
coach and shall be clearly stated and documented. Any consequences,
especially removal of the student-athlete from the sports program,
must be specifically defined. Any coach who wishes to require
student-athletes to sign a contract regarding team rules must do so
prior to the beginning of the season.
If and when applicable, tryouts will be held. All those
interested in trying out for a team must be present at all tryout
sessions and will be notified by the coach if and when they are
invited on the team.
All "walk-ons" must be in good academic standing and be in
compliance with NCAA, MAC and the University at Buffalo rules for
practice and competition. We reserve the right to deny any student
an opportunity to walk-on to a team if the student's academic
record does not meet the coach's academic standards. Please
refer to the Walk-on
procedures page for more information.
Student-Athlete Dismissal Policy
As a student-athlete, you may be held out of competition or
suspended from all team activities by your coach at any time for
disciplinary reasons. Additionally, as a student-athlete, you may
be dismissed from your team for disciplinary reasons. In the event
a coach proceeds with dismissing a student-athlete from a team, the
coach must inform his/her sport supervisor about the pending
dismissal. The sport supervisor will then review all pertinent
documentation/information from the coach and any other parties
involved. The student-athlete then has a right to discuss the
dismissal with the sport supervisor before a final decision is made
by the University. The Director of Athletics (following
consultation with the sport supervisor, coach and if necessary, the
student-athlete) will have the final decision on any dismissal of a
student-athlete from a sport program.
Student-Athlete Grievance Policy
- In the event that a Student-Athlete has a grievance/concern
that they are unable to resolve on their own, they should first
consult their head coach or DOA staff member with which they have a
grievance. Student-Athletes are not to use this grievance procedure
to voice their concerns about issues that pertain to the
coach’s expertise (i.e., playing time, recruitment, or game
- If speaking with the party with which they have a grievance
does not resolve the situation or an agreement is not reached, the
Student-Athlete should request a meeting, in writing, with their
sport supervisor and coach/DOA staff member. If an agreement is
reached, the Director of Athletics will be notified of the
- If an agreement is not reached through arbitration with the
sport supervisor, the Director of Athletics will make a final
decision on the issue following a meeting with both parties and the
- If following the Division of Athletics review, the
Student-Athlete believes a review of the decision from an authority
outside the Division of Athletics is warranted, the Director of
Athletics may also refer a grievance to the University Ombudsman
for review and a final decision. A written request from the
involved Student-Athlete to the Director of Athletics requesting
this outside review will be a necessary requirement prior to
referral to the University Ombudsman.
Competition and Good
- All team members will wear issued equipment/uniforms so that
the team is dressed in a unified manner. All equipment issued
should be returned promptly after competition or a trip.
- Refrain from all types of behavior that would result in an
unsportsmanlike conduct penalty.
- Be respectful of officials. No arguing with or name-calling of
officials. Do not taunt the crowd.
- Focus your efforts on competing against your opponent.
- Congratulate opponents graciously, regardless of the outcome of
- Treat facilities (both home and away) with respect.
- Help with any cleanup of the team area after competition.
- Show support for your teammates during competition.
- Prepare properly for competition.
- Maintain sportsmanlike behavior at all times.
- When talking to the press, keep team issues/problems
- The University will not
tolerate any of the following behaviors:
- Physically abusing an official, athlete, opponent or
- Throwing objects at an individual, spectators or across a field
- Seizing equipment or cameras from officials or the news
- Inciting players or spectators to violent action or any
behavior that insults or defiles an opponent’s
- Encouraging our fans to boo an opposing team when introductions
- Using obscene or inappropriate language or gestures to
officials, opponents, team members or spectators
- Making public statements which are negative, controversial or
not in compliance with the Division’s policy on media
- Violating generally recognized intercollegiate athletic
standards or the values and standards associated with the
university as determined by your head coach and approved by the
Director of Athletics.
Your coach may have more specific expectations concerning
behavior, dress or sportsmanship. If so, he or she will inform you
of these. Support your coach and concentrate on playing well. Good
sportsmanship comes easily if you are proud of your
You and Your Community
- You are a role model. Be respectful of those around you.
- Do not expect any special privileges or exploit your role as a
student-athlete to get special treatment on campus. Any type of
“extra benefits” will cause you to become ineligible
for athletic participation.
- Help promote and support other UB athletic programs.
- Abide by all housing and campus rules.
- Make every effort to take advantage of the opportunities to get
involved in the Buffalo community.
- Have respect for your neighbors and for other people’s
- When wearing University at Buffalo athletic apparel you are
promoting yourself and the University at Buffalo. Conduct yourself
in a respectful manner.
- When talking to the press, keep team issues/problems
Sexual Harassment Policy and Procedures
The University at Buffalo's policy on sexual harassment offers
options and resources to all persons who participate in university
programs and activities for resolution of sexual harassment
problems. The policy includes procedures to follow in receiving,
reporting and referring complaints regarding sexual harassment.
Questions concerning this policy may be referred to the
Director, Office of Equity, Diversity and Affirmative Action at
(716) 645-2266 or
- Identify yourself as a student-athlete at the beginning of each
semester to inform your instructors of any class time that may be
missed due to athletic-related travel. Assure the instructor that
you are aware that you will accept the responsibility for time and
work missed while away.
- Maintain communication with the staff of the Office of Athlete
Academic and Student Services.
- Maintain communication with the coaching staff regarding
academic issues and problems.
- It is the athlete’s responsibility to seek help when
academic trouble arises. Tutoring is available for all
student-athletes for all courses.
- Make up all work that is missed due to competition and
- Do not use your status as an athlete to get out of work/class
time or to get special treatment from instructors.
- Remember that you are in school for academics first.
- Abide by all university rules regarding academic honesty and
Note: For more information on academic responsibilities, see
UB’s Office of Athlete Academic and Student Services section
in this handbook.
Drug and Alcohol Awareness/Education
- Objectives for education:
- To deter the use of illegal drugs and the abuse of
- To have an informed student-athlete.
- To prevent the misuse of over-the-counter and/or prescribed
- To create an awareness of problems related to the use of
illegal drugs and the consumption of alcohol.
- To present an overview of the social decisions facing all
student-athletes getting acclimated to campus life.
- To provide all student-athletes with an education that will
enable them to approach their decision making process in a
knowledgeable and objective manner.
- To provide an awareness of drug misuse/abuse-related problems
that apply to all male and female athletes.
- To provide information regarding the effects of the
misuse-/abuse of drugs and alcohol on health and athletic
All student-athletes are required to attend a sport specific
drug and alcohol education seminar sponsored by the Division of
Athletics as a condition of their eligibility at the University at
Buffalo. Additionally, student-athletes are expected to participate
in selected projects and activities sponsored by other departments
within the university that relate to substance awareness.
Finally, through involvement in the Student-Athlete Advisory
Committee and the NCAA CHAMPS/Life Skills Program, it is hoped that
student-athletes will begin to initiate ideas and programs of their
own in the area of substance awareness and that they will exert
influence over their peers, encouraging substance awareness,
education and responsibility.
New York State Law sets a minimum age for the purchase of
alcoholic beverages at 21 years of age. Alcohol consumption is
illegal and unacceptable for student-athletes under the age of
Even after reaching 21 years of age, student-athletes are
prohibited from drinking alcoholic beverages when traveling with or
representing their teams. Additionally, alcoholic beverages are not
to be consumed prior to or while attending athletic or athletically
Student-athletes will continue to received alcohol and substance
abuse education each year and will participate in the designated
alcohol education programs.
The University at Buffalo’s Division of Athletics is
committed to enhancing the quality of life of every student-athlete
in our program. With this in mind, the following rules and
regulations exist regarding alcohol and/or drug related
- UB student-athletes are responsible for abiding by all UB
campus and residence hall regulations, as well as all applicable
New York State laws regarding drug use, possession and/or sale; and
alcohol use, possession and purchase.
- In a situation of a drug or alcohol offense in the UB residence
halls, or on the UB campus, student-athletes will be held to all
applicable New York State laws and University at Buffalo residence
hall and campus regulations.
- If the student-athlete:
then the following Division of Athletics actions will be taken, in
addition to possible University at Buffalo sanctions and New York
State legal action.
- is arrested for an alcohol or drug related offense
- participates in practice or competition under the influence of
alcohol or illicit drugs
- consumes alcohol prior to or while attending athletic or
athletically sponsored events
- purchases or consumes alcohol or illicit drugs on a UB team
- drives or operates a vehicle under the influence or impaired
and/or other vehicle violations involving alcohol or drugs
- is public intoxicated
- is drunk and disorderly
- violates local, state or federal law involving alcohol or
drugs, including possession
- is a minor in possession
Parental notification is mandatory regarding any alcohol or drug
related action taken by the Division of Athletics:
- Second Offense
- A minimum of one-week suspension from all athletically related
- Requirement of recommended treatment by a substance abuse
- Third Offense
- Indefinite suspension from all athletically related
participation, pending professional recommendation.
- If the student-athlete refuses assessment, he or she will be
subject to indefinite suspension from all athletically related
participation until an assessment is made.
- If the student-athlete continues to refuse treatment, he or she
will be subject to indefinite suspension from all athletically
related participation until treatment recommendation is initiated
Note: These are minimum actions taken by the UB Division of
Athletics and are in force not to punish, but to assist individuals
in understanding the dangers associated with the consumption of
alcohol or the use of illicit drugs. Each head coach has the
authority to impart stricter regulations for his or her team
members and may do so at any time.
Use of Social Networks (ie:
Facebook, MySpace etc.)
The University at Buffalo supports and encourages an
individuals' expression of the first amendment right of free
speech. This includes participating in online social networking
sites. While the University at Buffalo and the Athletic Department
do not place restrictions on the use of these networking sites, it
is critical for our student-athletes to understand that as a member
of the University at Buffalo Athletic Department, you are a
representative of the University at Buffalo. In this role, you are
in the public eye and are leaders in our community.
Posting on personal profiles, groups and chat rooms are part of
the public domain and are easily accessible to anyone including
reporters, parents, coaches, groupies, predators, employers,
graduate school admissions officials and law enforcement agencies.
Once information is posted, it can be retrieved by computer-savvy
individuals even AFTER it has been deleted. It is the
responsibility of our student-athletes to reflect the high
standards that warrant participation in Division 1 athletics at the
University at Buffalo both on and off their competitive venues. It
is strongly recommended that you should consider some of the
following points as you are posting on one of these websites:
- Before participating in any online network, know that anything
you post is available to everyone even if you limit access to your
- Do not post information, photos, or other items online that
could embarrass you, your team, your family or the University. This
includes, but is not limited to information, photos, quotes, and
items that may be tagged to you from another user.
- Be aware of who you add as a friend to your site. Many people
are looking to expose student-athletes (Badjocks.com) while others
may want to get close to feel part of the team.
- Exercise caution as to what information you post on your
website about your whereabouts, class schedules, practice
schedules, or plans. This may leave you susceptible to predators
such as stalkers, rapists and thieves.
- Pictures of illegal or irresponsible acts could leave you
susceptible to criminal or judicial investigations. (Under Age
Drinking, Drug Use)
- Threatening language directed at an individual is a crime
- Partying, boozing and smoking are not appropriate hobbies for
student-athletes who maintain a leadership role in the
- Potential future employers can and will look you up on one of
these social networks
- Fans from opposing teams could potentially downloaded images or
information and used it to taunt student-athletes, their teammates,
Student-Athletes who fail to adhere to the University's
recommendations could face discipline for violation of the
standards or philosophies of the University, the Athletic
Department, the NCAA and or laws of the municipality.
I understand the Athletic Department reserves the right to take
action against any current enrolled Student-Athlete engaged in
behavior that violates University, Department or team rules
including such behavior that occurs in postings on the internet.
This action may include education, counseling, team suspension,
termination from the team and or reduction or non-renewal of any
CONSEQUENCES OF SOCIAL NETWORKING
When student-athletes use of social networking has deemed to
have violated the University at Buffalo Use of Social Networks and
Code of Conduct policies the following consequences will apply.
Because of the varying nature of standards between coaches and
administration, occasions below are considered to be those of gross
negligence-examples of either behavior or language that would
clearly be contrary to UB's Code of Conduct for
Confidential meeting to evaluate the nature and extent of use and
actions deemed inappropriate. The student will be required to meet
privately with the Head Coach to discuss their actions.
Notification of parents. The student-athlete will be required to
notify his or her parents in the presence the Head Coach and Sport
Supervisor that actions taken on social networking sites were
deemed inappropriate within the Division of Athletics.
Notification of parents. The student-athlete will be required to
notify his or her parents in the presence of the Head Coach and
Sport Supervisor that actions taken on social networking sites were
deemed inappropriate within the Division of Athletics.
If actions under question are those that directly violate
Division rules and/or the student-athlete Code of Conduct, student
athletes may face suspension or loss of eligibility.
If actions under question are those that directly violate Division
rules and/or the student-athlete Code of Conduct student athletes
may face suspension loss of eligibility and removal of scholarship
dollars. Student athlete's parents will then be notified of any
such cancelation of eligibility.
The Office of Student-Athlete Services has laptop computers
available to be loaned out for academic use by student-athletes
during time away from campus for athletic related events.
- A checkout request form must be filled out to reserve a laptop
prior to the date it is needed. Forms can be obtained through Patti
Kindron in the Office of Academic Services, (169 Alumni Arena). The
schedule of availability will be maintained through the Office of
- Checkout request forms MUST be signed by your Head Coach in
order to be accepted as valid.
- Priority will be given first to student-athletes who are in
season, and after that on a first come, first serve basis.
- Laptops MUST be returned by noon on the day of return to
- Damage to or loss of a laptop will be considered the
responsibility of the Head Coach and the team, and will be paid for
out of the team's budget at the discretion of the Office of
Student-Athlete Pregnancy Policy
The Division of Athletics is has instituted a student-athlete
pregnancy policy for the protection of the student-athlete and her
What to Do if You become Pregnant:
As soon as you learn that you are pregnant, you should inform your
coach and athletic trainer, as well as, your personal
physician/OBGYN, family or others who are important to you.
Can You Continue to Train and Compete?
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOD) has
recommended that following a thorough clinical evaluation, healthy
pregnant women should be encouraged to engage in regular, moderate
intensity, physical activity. The safety to participate in each
sport must be dictated by the movements and physical demands
required to compete in that sport. The American college of Sports
Medicine discourages heavy weight lifting or similar activities
that require heavy straining. High intensity exercise required for
competitions in nearly all sports has not been well studied and my
increase fetal risk. Many medical experts recommend that women
avoid participating in competitive contact sports after the 14th
week of pregnancy (NCAA Sports Medicine Handbook 2005-06).
You will only be permitted to participate athletically if you
present a written consent letter from your OB/GYN Doctor detailing
the magnitude and extent of the allowable participation.
Additionally, your participation must be approved by the University
at Buffalo Director of Sports Medicine.
What Happens to Your Scholarship?
Your Athletic scholarship for the current year will not be revoked
due to pregnancy. Consideration of future athletic scholarships
will be at the discretion of the head coach. NCAA rules permit a
one-year extension of the five-year period of eligibility for
female student-athlete for reasons of pregnancy.
Who Pays for Your Medical Expenses?
All medical expenses that are a result of pregnancy are the
responsibility of the student-athlete.
Where Can You Go For Support?
The Division of Athletics Student-Athlete Services Office will
provide counseling and referrals for student-athletes who become
pregnant. Additional support information can be found at: